Concealed by a melodious landscape, Cairanne reveals an astonishing fullness, carefully structured, with a velvet-lined finish.Christophe Tassan
Sun-drenched hillsides, the scents of the garrigue, a mischievous river which changes its spelling… Cairanne is a delightful village, which comes into view around a rocky outcrop and charms visitors with its red, rosé and white wines. The strengths of the Cairanne appellation are a “village” feel, developed by wine-growers over several generations , and a warm, dry climate, which makes for harmonious, full-flavoured wines.
On the border of two distinct areas, the Cairanne appellation brings together the Syrah so typical of the northern Rhone and the Grenache and Mourvèdre grape varieties of the deep South.
• Reds: a minimum of 50% Grenache and at least 20% Syrah and/or Mourvèdre; other permitted varieties must not exceed 20%.
• Rosés: the same proportions as for the reds; white grape varieties (Grenache, Clairette, Marsanne, Roussanne, Bourboulenc and Viognier) may not account for more than 20% of the mix.
• Whites: Grenache blanc, Clairette blanche, Marsanne blanche, Roussanne blanche, Bourboulenc blanc and Viognier blanc, with 20% of other varieties tolerated. These grape varieties impart citrus, white-fruit and floral notes (acacia, hawthorn and violet).
In 1929, a small group of wine-growers, including Monsieur Rieu, a supporter of the policies of Baron Leroy, organised and set themselves a number of objectives, determined to earn AOC status and promote the local wines. They therefore established a Cave Coopérative (cooperative winery), as well as a trade association: the Syndicat Général des Vignerons des Côtes du Rhône.
They achieved Côtes du Rhône Cairanne status in 1953 and were granted the Côtes du Rhône Villages Cairanne appellation in 1967.
View the decrees granting appellation status (INAO)1967Birth of AOC Cairanne
The village of Cairanne lies in the Upper Vaucluse, not a stone’s throw from the Enclave des Papes and the borders of the Drôme département.
The grapes are grown on three complementary soil types, which lend great diversity to the resulting wines. [Excursion to visit the village vineyards].
• Chalky white clay, a cold soil, yields robust, powerful wines with dense tannins and great depth of colour; these wines are ideal for laying down.
• Red clays produce more easy-drinking wines, with a fine nose and range of flavours.
• The silty soils deposited on the terraces of the River Aygues give an attractive smooth roundness to the wines grown there.
surface area956 hectares
in 201327 333 hl
- 94% Red
- 5% White
- 1% rosé
Average yield achieved35 hl/ha
*Export figures according to the most recent research
Source : Harvest statement 2013